Reports & Documents

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Math Skills Among Spanish-Speaking DLLs: Implications for Assessments

June 2021 - This brief examines Spanish-speaking DLLs' math skills and assessed in English and their home language. Many of these children, particularly Spanish-dominant students, score higher on math assessments administered in Spanish. Assessing only in English may underestimate their skills. Read more here >>

Quick Facts: How Early Learning and Care Programs Identify Dual Language Learners

May 2021 - This Quick Facts shares findings from a survey of early learning program administrators about ways they identify dual language learners (DLLs) in their programs and the types of information they collect. The brief highlights the variation in approaches to collecting data about DLLs across programs and the frequent reliance on informal methods of identifying DLLs. It underscores the need to have consistent data about the DLLs served in those programs in order for state policymakers to make well-informed decisions about distributing resources to programs to support DLLs, such as staff training and bilingual materials. Read more here >>

 

Approaches to Supporting Dual Language Learners in California's Early Learning and Care Programs

May 2021 - This paper begins by discussing some of the issues that arise when conducting research with young DLLs and the challenges that result from the lack of high-quality, validated assessments in multiple languages. The First 5 California DLL Pilot Study serves as a case study of how these issues and challenges might be addressed. Next, this paper explains how researchers on the First 5 DLL study have responded to the lack of high-quality assessments in multiple languages by instead using assessments that have either been translated or adapted, again presenting the First 5 California DLL Pilot study as an example. Finally, we conclude with a call to action and discussion of possible next steps. Read more here >>

 

Challenges in Assessing California’s Diverse Dual Language Learners

Feb. 2021 - This paper begins by discussing some of the issues that arise when conducting research with young DLLs and the challenges that result from the lack of high-quality, validated assessments in multiple languages. The First 5 California DLL Pilot Study serves as a case study of how these issues and challenges might be addressed. Next, this paper explains how researchers on the First 5 DLL study have responded to the lack of high-quality assessments in multiple languages by instead using assessments that have either been translated or adapted, again presenting the First 5 California DLL Pilot study as an example. Finally, we conclude with a call to action and discussion of possible next steps. Read more here >>

 

Professional Development to Support Teachers of Young Dual Language Learners in California

Dec. 2020 - This brief presents a snapshot of professional development challenges, requirements, and supports for early learning and care programs serving DLLs across the state. Findings described here are from a survey of a representative sample of early learning program administrators in 16 California counties, conducted as part of the First 5 California DLL Pilot Study.  
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Quick Facts: The Landscape of Early Learning and Care Programs Serving Dual Language Learners in California 

Oct. 2020 - This brief presents a snapshot of early learning and care programs serving dual language learners (DLLs) across California. DLLs, defined as children who are learning another language in addition to English, make up 60% of the state’s children ages birth to 5 years. The following findings are from a survey of a representative sample of early learning program administrators in 16 California counties, conducted as part of the First 5 California DLL Pilot Study.  Read more here >>

 

The Early Learning and Care Context for Dual Language Learners in California

Jan. 2020 - Initial findings from the First 5 California-funded Dual Language Learner Pilot Study indicate that overall beliefs about bilingualism and policies in place to support dual language learners (DLLs) are shifting in a direction that promotes the development of young DLLs’ bilingualism. However, there are still systemic challenges that limit implementation of high-quality instruction for DLLs. This first research brief from the statewide study of the learning contexts, supports, and outcomes for California DLLs and their families summarizes the perspectives of county-level leaders on the context, challenges, and guidance for DLL caregivers in their counties, which in turn impact practices in the classroom. This brief also offers examples of successful practices to support DLLs in their communities and concludes with implications and next steps for the study. Read more here >>